Hindi une langue indo européenne

Hindi is a language derived from Sanskrit. It is one of the most used languages ​​in India, along with English. Almost half of the population recognizes it as their mother tongue.

Hindi, etymology and belonging

TheHindi< /a> is a common language of part of the Indian community. It is an Indo-European language derived from the Indo-Aryan languages, whose users are scattered around the world.

Hindi, its origin and definition

Hindi comes from Sanskrit, just as French does from Latin. It is considered an official language in India. It is especially in the north and center of India that Hindi has taken hold. It has its origins in the Sanskrit texts of sages and scholars. Hindi uses the Devanagari alpha-syllabary written from left to right. Hindi vocabulary is influenced, over time, by the different dominations to which India has been subject.

Several terms have been borrowed from Arabic, English, as well as Portuguese, Turkish and Persian. Hindi is also a language associated with Urdu which is a widely used language in Pakistan. These two languages ​​have a lot of similarities in the spoken version. On the other hand, they differ in the written version. Urdu instead uses the Arabic alphabet, which is written from right to left. Communication between a Hindi speaking person and an Urdu speaking person is quite easy.

Hindi is the mother tongue of nearly 370 million users. Its importance is reflected in the richness of the Hindu civilization, one of the oldest in the world with its 5,000 years, those of our era. This name "Hindu" formerly constituted that of the population of India, often confused with the religion, but it has become obsolete to be declined in "Indian". 18 languages ​​are recognized as official by the Indian Constitution. Hindi is not included in this list because it has a special place as a national language in India. However, several dialects characterize Hindi, but they present many dissimilarities.

Hindi as a universal language

Hindi is currently among the top three most spoken languages ​​in the world. 20% of the Indian population recognizes it as their mother tongue. However, nearly 50% of the Indian population uses it. The vast majority of users are the population living in the north, those in the south use it little or not at all. Essentially, a few dialects of Hindi, in this case Bhopjpuri, are very widespread, and almost a billion people use them. Hindi is very present in different fields. It honors works, artistic works such as poetry and songs. Hindi is also widely used to describe rational precepts, especially in philosophical studies. Its interest then touches several areas: artistic, cultural and civilizational.

Hindi is a living language which is becoming universal. It has spread around the world and several countries have adopted it. It is then spoken by the Indian diaspora who have settled in the four corners of the world: Mauritius, Reunion Island, the United States, Great Britain, Yemen, Fiji and others. Several tribes use it on a daily basis in some of these countries. Essentially, Hindi has become a universal language for some speakers because specific sectors use it. These include, among others, Bollywood films that many moviegoers love. Its strong presence is also felt in sacred texts which have not yet been translated. International interest in this language is growing sharply.

Some notions about Hindi

Hindi is a living language which has inherited some ancient languages ​​like Sanskrit. Several influences came to enrich his vocabulary. These influences come from neighboring countries like Persia and Arab countries. They also come from Western countries which established colonization or trade there, such as England or Portugal. We thus notice a certain similarity with the term of these countries. Hindi has become a language that tends to become universal, its learning is experiencing real enthusiasm at the international level.

Hindi, learning it as a language

Hindi is a language that is increasingly used around the world. Many Westerners are interested in this language as being a language of Indian culture and civilization.

Hindi and other concepts

Hindi is a language derived from Sanskrit. Sanskrit, also called by sages and scholars “language of the gods”, is the original language of the Hindus. The Hindu is a follower of the majority religion of India which is Hinduism. Hindi is the declared official language of the Indian Union. Hindi should not be confused with Hindu. A Hindu, believing and practicing the Hinduism religion can speak Hindi and other languages ​​which are linked to this practice very well.

It must be said that the Hindu can be an Englishman who speaks this language and be Westerners who speak their respective language. You must also know how to differentiate between Indian which is the nationality, Hindu which is the religion and Hindi which is the national language. If Hindi is the most spoken language in northern India, Tamil is the language most used in the southern states. Tamil is a Dravidian language, 2,500 years old.

Hindi and its initiation

Like Chinese, Hindi is a widely spoken language, except that it crosses borders and is used by the diaspora. Several Indian schools and institutes located abroad include it in their modules. However, its learning takes place in a context very different from Western languages. All letters must be pronounced, no letter must be avoided orally. For writing, Hindi is relatively difficult, it requires concentration.

Hindi is rich in works, it is one of the languages ​​which serve as supports for Indian literature and sacred texts. In India, dialects number up to 1,500 varieties and Hindi also comes in several variants. The interest of certain countries in Hindi is also due to the assimilation of India into the British Empire. Hinglish is a new term that Westerners use to describe Indians who speak Hindi mixed with English.

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